Other Suns got the right spin
This principle – that the Sun is a star – was only proved in the 19th century when distances to the nearest stars were measured. It enables us to use the Sun, the only star we can observe in detail, to study processes occurring on other stars, and conversely, to use other stars to infer the past and future of our Sun. Stellar rotation periods are a key probe of magnetic phenomena on stars.
The AIP/JHU team worked on the four billion year-old open cluster M67, the only accessible cluster of solar-aged stars. They measured the tiny periodic light variations of twenty Sun-like stars caused by starspots on the stellar surfaces being carried across the disk during rotation. Since the examined stars are quite old their starspots are relatively small - similar to spots one can find on our Sun but tiny compared to those visible on younger stars. The measurements were only possible because of the exquisite sensitivity of the Kepler Space Telescope, now repurposed as the K2 mission.
Sydney Barnes, first author of the study, states: “We had predicted this would occur, but it has been a real privilege to have been able to actually make the measurements.” Co-author Jörg Weingrill adds: “With the measured rotational periods for stars up to the age of our Sun we can now confidently trace back the evolution of our home star.”
Scientific Publication: Sydney A. Barnes, Jörg Weingrill, Dario Fritzewski, Klaus G. Strassmeier, Imants Platais: „Rotation periods for cool stars in the 4 Gyr-old open cluster M67, the solar-stellar connection, and the applicability of gyrochronology to at least solar age“, The Astrophysical Journal, Volume 823, Nr. 1.
Caption: False-colour image of the stellar open cluster M67. Red, green, blue composite based on Johnson B, V and G bandpass images. Captured with WiFSIP/STELLA on Tenerife. (Credit:AIP)
Dr. Sydney Barnes, +49 331 7499-379, firstname.lastname@example.org
Dr. Jörg Weingrill, +49 331 7499-456, email@example.com
Kerstin Mork, +49 331 7499-803, firstname.lastname@example.org
The key topics of the Leibniz Institute for Astrophysics Potsdam (AIP) are cosmic magnetic fields and extragalactic astrophysics. A considerable part of the institute's efforts aim at the development of research technology in the fields of spectroscopy, robotic telescopes, and e-science. The AIP is the successor of the Berlin Observatory founded in 1700 and of the Astrophysical Observatory of Potsdam founded in 1874. The latter was the world's first observatory to emphasize explicitly the research area of astrophysics. Since 1992 the AIP is a member of the Leibniz Association.